Many people consider the historical geishas to be both artisans and courteasans, which is not true. They were two different groups of people. The geisha and the yu-u-jyo. 'Gei' means accomplishment or performance and 'sha' means person. Originally geishas were men.Female geishas we called On-na-geisha. Geishas were entertainers and hostesses. 'Yu-u' means play and 'Jyo' means girl. Yu-u-jyu were the courteasans. The most high class Yu-u-jyo were called Oiran. Having a highly developed sense of culture and refined manner were prerequisites for the Oiran. Spending the night with an Oiran was a proof of a man's success. Im not sure why I am on this elegant prostitutes kick but Im gonna go with it. There will be more, from other cultures. Naomi - 'Above all, Beauty' is 2 of 3. Graphite on copy paper.