Cleopatra was born in 69 BC in Alexandria, Egypt. During the later rule of the Ptolemies, the Romans gained more and more control over Egypt. As far as history knows, she had no other lovers other than Caesar and Anthony. In 48 BC Caesar arrived in Alexandria. It is thought that Caesar had planned to make Cleopatra the sole ruler of Alexandria. He thought she would be a puppet for Rome. During July of the year 46 BC, Caesar returned to Rome. He was given many honours and a ten-year dictatorship. However, on the Ides of March of 44 BC, all of that came to an end. Caesar was assassinated outside the Senate Building in Rome. After Caesar's murder, Cleopatra fled Rome and returned home to Alexandria. Mark Anthony at Tarsus invited Cleopatra in 41 BC. She already knew enough about him to know how to get to him. Cleopatra and Anthony spent the winter of 41 to 40 in Alexandria. In the spring of 40 BC, Mark Anthony left Cleopatra and returned home. He did not see her for four years. In 34 BC, Anthony had a campaign into Armenia, which was successful and financially rewarding. He celebrated his triumph with a parade through Alexandria with Cleopatra. Octavian's navy severely defeated Anthony at Actium, which is in Greece, on September 2, 31 BC. Octavian's admiral, Agrippa, planned and carried out the defeat. In less than a year, Anthony half-heartedly defended Alexandria against the advancing army of Octavian. After the defeat, Anthony committed suicide by falling on his own sword in 30 BC. Cleopatra died, from the bite of an asp, on August 12, 30 BC at the age of 39. The Egyptian religion declared that death by snakebite would secure immortality. With this, she achieved her dying wish, not to be forgotten. Cleopatra was the last Pharaoh of Egypt.